Dandruff is a common scalp condition characterized by white flakes on the scalp and itching. This occurs due to several reasons, including dry skin, irritated oily skin, growth of fungus Malassezia on the scalp, and inflammatory skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis.
Dandruff can affect anyone both men and women, but is more common on men than women, and it is often occurs on those between the ages of 10 and 20 and affects up to 40 percent of people over the age of 30.
Although it is harmless, but those white flakes falling on your black shirt can be very embarrassing and can cause low self esteem due to itching. If left untreated, it may lead to hair loss.
The good news is there are ways to treat the problem, and it can be treated easily through natural ways. The following are some effective natural remedies that can help you to get rid of dandruff.
1. Apple cider vinegar
Apple cider vinegar is one of the most effective remedies for dandruff. Mix 1/2 cup of apple cider vinegar with 1/2 of water in a spray bottle. Apply it onto your scalp and avoid contact with your eyes. Massage into your scalp and leave on for at least 15 minutes before washing out. Do this one or two times a week for 3 months.
2. Coconut oil
Coconut oil has strong antifungal and antimicrobial properties which can help eliminate the fungus and any bacteria that may exist. It also moisturizes the scalp and provides relief from itching.
Take some coconut oil and mix it with half the amount of lemon juice. Apply it on your scalp and massage for a few minutes. Leave it on for 20 minutes then wash it off with shampoo. Wash your hair after at least 20 minutes. Follow this remedy two to three times a week.
3. Tea tree oil
Tea tree oil has natural antiseptic and antibiotic properties that can help to get rid of dandruff. Because it is an essential oil, it should be mixed with a carrier oil such as olive oil or jojoba oil. Add 20 drops of tea tree oil to 60 ml carrier oil. Shake it and then pour 1 tsp. of the mixture on the plate. Massage the oil onto your scalp using your fingertips for about 3 minutes. Leave the oil on your scalp for an hour before rinsing.
4. Aloe Vera
Aloe vera is a great home remedy for dandruff. Simply massage the gel into your scalp and leave it while you sleep. The next day wash your hair as normal.
5. Fenugreek seed
Fenugreek seed is another effective natural remedy for dandruff. Soak about two tablespoons of fenugreek seeds in a bowl of water and keep it overnight. In the next morning, grind the seeds into a paste. Apply this paste over your scalp and leave it on for about 30 minutes, and then rinse your hair with shikakai or ritha. This treatment should be done at least twice a week for two weeks.
6. Baking soda
Baking soda is a popular natural remedy for dandruff. Since baking soda is an alkaline, it may bring the pH balance of the scalp to a healthy equilibrium. First rinse your scalp with water, and then gently rub a handful of baking soda onto your scalp. Rinse the baking soda thoroughly. Repeat this every time you wash your hair, but only use baking soda, and no shampoo. At first this may dry your hair, but in a few weeks your scalp will start producing its natural oils. It will make your hair soft and free from dandruff.
7. Lemon juice
Lemon juice is also effective in treating dandruff. Mix one tablespoon of lemon juice with five tablespoon of coconut oil. Massage this mixture all over your scalp and leave it on for 30 minutes, and then wash with a shampoo. Lemon clears all the existing flakes on your scalp while the coconut oil heals the scalp tissue.
8. Olive oil
Olive oil is a great clarifying and moisturizing agent, making it one of the best natural remedy for keeping dandruff from forming in the first place. Massage a lukewarm olive oil over your scalp and wrap with a warm towel. Leave it on for few minutes and then rinse your hair with shampoo.
9. Neem leaves
Neem leaves have good antiseptic properties which make it an effective remedy for dandruff. Soak two handfuls of neem leaves in a cup of hot water and leave it overnight. In the next morning, use this water to wash your hair. Alternatively, you can grind neem leaves and mix with a little water. Apply the paste all over your scalp. This will help you get rid of dandruff.
10. Almond oil
Almond oil is very useful for treating dandruff as well. Gently massage this oil on your scalp and then cover your head with a warm towel. Leave it for about 15 minutes and make sure it does not become a cold towel. Then wash your head with a mild shampoo. Continue this for a few weeks and you will see an improvement in your condition.