9 Myths and Misconceptions About HIV/AIDS
There are a lot myths about HIV/AIDS around, which can result in panic and desperation, as well as creating barriers to the treatment and prevention strategies. By knowing the facts about how HIV is transmitted can save yourself a lot of worry and help to bust myths among others too. Now let’s clear some common myths and misconceptions that surround the virus and illness.
1. HIV can be spread through casual contact.
You can not get HIV through casual contact, such as sharing eating utensils, holding hands, hugging or even kissing. HIV can only be transmitted through infected blood, breast milk, semen, and vaginal fluids. It can also be transmitted through needles contaminated with HIV-infected blood (such as needles used for injecting drugs, tattooing or body piercing.)
2. Oral sex does not transmit HIV.
The risk of HIV transmission through oral sex is very low because the mouth is an unfriendly environment for HIV. A person receiving oral sex is generally not at risk because that person is coming into contact only with saliva, which does not transmit HIV. However, the presence of other sexually transmitted infections can increase the risk of HIV transmission during oral sex.
3. Mosquitoes can transmit HIV.
Mosquitoes do not transmit blood of other people they suck to the new victim. However, mosquitoes do inject their saliva into their victims, which may carry viruses, such as dengue fever, malaria, West Nile virus, etc. HIV virus does not survive or reproduce in mosquito, so the virus is not transmitted in the saliva of mosquito.
4. HIV is a death sentence.
When the AIDS epidemic first became prevalent in the 80s, the death rate was extremely high, and a diagnosis of HIV seemed a lot like a death sentence. However, there has been tremendous progress in treatment for HIV over the years. While there is still no cure for HIV, antiretroviral drugs allow people with HIV to live much longer, healthier lives.
5. HIV is a gay disease.
HIV is not a gay disease. In fact, all people can get HIV from unsafe sex or other modes of blood to blood contact, like sharing needles. HIV is spread most often through heterosexual contact worldwide.
6. HIV positive people can not have babies.
It is possible to have a baby if you or your partner is HIV-positive. While it’s impossible to guarantee that the infection won’t pass on to the child. About 25 percent of children born to HIV-infected mothers get infected with HIV during pregnancy, while about 15 percent of the children get infected through breastfeeding. However, with modern treatments, this rate can be greatly reduced.
According to HIV.gov, antiretroviral therapy (ART) can reduce the risk of a treated mother passing HIV to her baby to 1 percent or less.
7. An HIV-positive person who receives antiretroviral therapy will not spread the virus.
Antiretroviral therapy can reduce the amount of HIV in the body but the virus still remains in the body and can be transmitted to others. So far, there is no drug that is 100% effective at preventing the spread of HIV.
8. Partners who are both HIV positive do not need to use condoms during sexual contact.
Even if you and your partner are both HIV positive, you still need to practice safe sex in order to prevent yourselves from contracting drug resistant strains of HIV, as you and your partner could have different strains of HIV. This can lead to re-infection, which will make the treatment of HIV infection more difficult. The new HIV strain may become more resistant to the current treatment taken, or cause the current treatment option to be ineffective.
9. HIV infections can be cured by having sex with a virgin.
This is absolutely not true. This myth predates HIV/AIDS and is thought to have originated in the Victorian era where it was believed that having sex with a virgin would cure one of venereal diseases, like gonorrhoea and syphilis. This has become a more popular trend in South Africa but there is no cure for HIV/AIDS.