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Types of Lung Cancer and Treatment Options

Recognizing the types of lung cancer is very important, regarding to treatment efforts to be undertaken. There are two main types of lung cancer, which behave differently and require different treatment. They include:

  • Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC)
    Although according to statistic, small cell lung cancer only occurs in 20% of all lung cancer patients, but this type is among the most difficult to treat because it is easily spread to other organs. From the shape that resembles a grain, these cancer cells called Oat cell cancer. This type of lung cancer is usually caused by smoking. Rarely, people who smoke did not get this type of cancer. For treatment, usually doctors would recommend chemotherapy treatment because it is easily spread (metastasis).
  • Non Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)
    Non Small Cell Lung Cancer is the most common type of lung cancer, and not as aggressive as SCLC. More than 80% of lung cancer cases is Non-small cell cancer cell (NSCLC) type. NSCLC prone to grow and spread more slowly. It can be treated with surgery, radiotherapy, and/ or chemotherapy depending on the stage when the cancer is diagnosed.

    There are three type of non small cell lung cancer. Each type of non-small cell lung cancer has different kinds of cancer cells. The cancer cells of each type grow and spread in different ways.

    It is sometimes very difficult even impossible to distinguish these three types of cancer cells if the cells are not yet fully developed into cancer cells. Before becoming a malignant cancer cells, cells that initially was normal cells, have very complicated process, which is called mutation. The three types of cancer cells are:

    1. Squamous Cell Carcinoma
      This type of cancer most often found, usually found around the mid-lung in one branch of either the left or right bronchus. This type of cancer formed by cells that exist along the respiratory tract, and is usually caused by smoking.
    2. Adenocarcinoma
      Adenocarcinoma develops from cells that exist along the respiratory tract too, but particularly formed from cells that produces sputum. Usually found in outside of the lungs tissues.
    3. Large Cell Carcinoma
      This is so called because the cells look large and rounded under a microscope. This type of cancer tends to grow faster and rarely spread.

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