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Heart Disease Causes and Risk Factors

Heart disease, also known as cardiovascular disease, generally affects older people and means that there is a problem with the blood vessels and heart.

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. More than a quarter of all deaths from heart disease. The causes of heart disease vary depending on the type of heart disease. These include the following:

  • Angina: people with angina experience pain in the chest which means the heart is not getting enough blood.
  • Arteriosclerosis: also known as hardening of the arteries, arteriosclerosis means the arteries become thickened and no longer flexible.
  • Atherosclerosis: a cumulation of cholesterol and fat that makes the arteries cramped so that less blood can flow through. These cumulation called plaque.
  • Heart attack: when a blood clot or blockage of blood flow to other parts of the heart wound.
  • Stroke: when part of the brain not getting enough blood due to clots or a burst blood vessels.

Heart Disease Risk Factors

Risk factors are conditions that make people more likely to develop a disease. It also can increase the likelihood that an existing disease will get worse.

Some heart disease risk factors that a person can not do anything, like being older and hereditary factor. But people have control over some risk factors. Important risk factors for heart disease that you can do something about are:

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