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Frequent Urination: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Frequent urination is a condition in which a person urinates more often than usual. It may occur both day and night. When this condition happens at night, it is called Nocturia. Frequent urination can affect anyone, but, it is more common in men and women in middle-age or older.

Although it’s not a serious condition, frequent urination can be annoying, particularly when it is disruptive to sleep. Moreover, frequent urination can be a symptom of an underlying medical condition. There are many different conditions that may cause frequent urination. The most common causes of frequent urination include:

  • Urinary tract infection (UTI). A urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common cause of frequent urination. This condition happens when bacteria enters the bladder through the urethra. The inflammation caused by the infection reduces the bladder’s ability to hold urine.
  • Overactive bladder. An overactive bladder is another common cause of frequent urination. In people with overactive bladder syndrome, the bladder muscle squeezes too often or squeezes without warning. This can cause symptoms such as frequent and often urgent urination even if your bladder is not full.
  • Prostate problems. This is one of the common cause of frequent urination in men. An enlarged prostate can press against the urethra and block the flow of urine. This causes the bladder wall to become irritable. The bladder begins to contract even when it contains small amounts of urine, causing more frequent urination.
  • Pregnancy. Frequent urination is a main symptom of early pregnancy. As the uterus and baby grow, they place pressure on the bladder, causing the need to urinate.
  • Stroke or other neurological diseases. A stroke can damage nerves in the bladder and lead to problems with bladder function, including frequent and sudden urges to urinate.
  • Diabetes. Diabetes may also cause frequent urination as the body tries to rid itself of unused glucose through the urine.
  • Diuretic use. Medicines that are used to treat high blood pressure, such as diuretics, can cause frequent urination as excess fluids are flushed from the body.
  • Alcohol and caffeine use. Excessive consumption of alcohol or caffeine drink may also irritate the bladder walls and lead to frequent urination.

Other less common causes of frequent urination include:

  • Anxiety
  • Bladder cancer
  • Bladder dysfunction
  • Tumor in the pelvic area
  • Radiation therapy
  • Interstitial cystitis (inflammation of the bladder wall)
  • Diverticulitis (inflammation of diverticulosis, small, bulging sacs or pouches, that can develop on the lining of your large intestine)

What are the Symptoms of Frequent Urination?

Most people urinate between 4 and 8 times a day. If you feel the need to urinate more than 8 times in a day, there is likely you have issues with frequent urination. It is important to check with your doctor if you are a normal healthy adult (non-pregnant).

How to Treat Frequent Urination

Treatment for frequent urination depends on the cause. For example, if you are found to have UTIs, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics for getting rid of the infection. If an underlying condition such as diabetes or enlarged prostate is found, a treatment program will be developed to manage the problem and alleviate the symptoms. Changes in medication or lifestyle habits are sometimes suggested as well.

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