Lung cancer is a disease of uncontrolled cell growth in lung tissues. This growth may lead to metastasis, invasion of adjacent tissue and infiltration beyond the lungs.
Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world that can affect anyone and it is difficult to treat. That’s why we should try to prevent this terrible disease. The good news is that lung cancer is also one of the most preventable type of cancer. By avoiding certain risk factors for lung cancer, you can significantly reduce your risk of getting lung cancer. Here are some effective ways to prevent lung cancer.
1. Avoid Tobacco Smoke
The first and the most effective way to prevent lung cancer is to avoid tobacco smoke. Smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer, responsible for 80 to 90 percent of lung cancers.
If you’ve never smoked, don’t start, and if you do, stop smoking as soon as possible. Recent studies suggest that those who can quit smoking reduce their chances of developing lung cancer by 30 to 50 percent.
2. Avoid Secondhand Smoke
Non-smokers who inhaled second-hand smoke are exposed to the same cancer-causing agents as smokers, although in weaker amounts. So, try to avoid areas where people smoke, such as bars and restaurants, and seek out smoke-free options. If you live with a smoker, urge him or her to quit. At the very least, ask him or her to smoke outside.
3. Test Your Home for Radon Gas
Radon is the second leading cause of lung cancer in smokers. If you smoke and live in a home with high radon levels, you are higher risk of developing lung cancer.
According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, radon is responsible for more than 20,000 lung cancer deaths each year in the U.S. So, having your home tested is the only way to determine whether you and your family are at risk of high radon exposure. You can purchase a radon-testing kit for your home, or hire a radon-detection specialist to check it for you.
4. Prevent or Limit Exposure to Carcinogens
Substances, such as asbestos, arsenic, radon, benzene, and formaldehyde, are all carcinogens (cancer-causing) that have been found to cause lung cancer. If you are spend time working with carcinogens, be sure to wear protective gear such as a face mask, goggles, long-sleeved shirts, and pants, to minimize your exposure to these substances.
5.Eat a Healthy Diet
Studies show that eating a diet rich in fruit and vegetables can reduce the risk of lung cancer, while heavy alcohol consumption may increase the risk of lung cancer.
6. Exercise Regularly
There is strong evidence suggest that regular exercise can lower the risk of developing lung cancer and other types of cancer. Adults are recommended to do at least 120 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity each week.