Anemia treatment will depend on the cause and type of anemia you have. The goal of anemia treatment is to increase the hemoglobin level to be between 12 and 13.5, which is considered to be the normal range of hemoglobin levels.
As you get closer to this range, you should notice an improvement in your symptoms where you will have more energy and feel less tired.
Anemia Treatment Options
The treatment options for anemia include dietary changes or supplements, medicines, blood transfusion, and stem cells transplant.
Dietary Changes or Supplements
Lack of iron or vitamins in the body is the common causes of anemia. This conditions may be due to poor diet or having certain diseases.
To increase your vitamin or iron level, your doctor may ask you to make a dietary change or take vitamin or iron supplements. Common vitamin supplements are vitamin B12 and folate (folic acid). Vitamin C is sometimes given to help your body better absorb iron.
Medicines may be prescribed to increase the hemoglobin levels or to treat an underlying cause of anemia. Some of these medications include:
- Antibiotics to treat infections.
- Hormones to treat heavy menstrual bleeding in young and adult women.
- A man-made version of erythropoietin to stimulate red blood cells production.
- Drugs to prevent red blood cells from being destroyed by body’s immune system.
If your anemia is severe, you may need blood transfusion to treat it. Blood transfusion is a safe, common procedure in which blood is given to you via intravenous (IV) in one of your blood vessels. Blood transfusions require careful matching of donated blood with the recipient’s blood.
Stem Cell Transplant
Stem cell transplant is a procedure to replace abnormal stem cells with healthy ones from another person (donor). Stem cells are found in the bone marrow. They develop into red and white blood cells and platelets.
During the transplant, which is like a blood transfusion, you get donated stem cells through a tube placed in a vein in your chest. Once the stem cells are in your body, they travel to your bone marrow and begin making new blood cells.