Apple cider vinegar (ACV) is a liquid made by fermenting the apple juices. ACV is known to have antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and anti-fungal properties, making it effective in the treatment of a wide variety of ailments and conditions.
However, like many other natural products, this vinegar may cause some side effects if taken in excessive amounts.
Fortunately, most of the apple cider vinegar side effects are mild and can be easily prevented. Here are 5 side effects of apple cider vinegar and how you can prevent them.
1. Loss of potassium and bone density
Excessive consumption of apple cider vinegar may result in bone loss and decreased potassium levels which can lead to muscle weakness, cramping, or irregular heartbeat.
If you have a condition like osteoporosis or are taking potassium-lowering medications, it’s important to talk with your doctor before you use apple cider vinegar in your diet.
2. Tooth enamel erosion
Due to its high acidic content, frequent taking of apple cider vinegar may weaken the tooth enamel. To prevent it, do not drink the vinegar straightly, but dilute it with water or drink through a straw to limit contact with teeth. After finished, rinse your mouth with fresh water to remove the acid from your teeth.
3. Throat and skin burns
The acidity of vinegar has also been found to cause throat and skin burns, especially if the vinegar is undiluted.
A report in the Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology describes a case in which a teenager sustained chemical burns on her nose after applying apple cider vinegar to remove two moles .
In one instance, a woman suffered throat burns after an apple cider vinegar tablet became lodged in her esophagus .
Be sure to always dilute the vinegar with water before drinking or applying to the skin.
4. Stomach issues, especially for people with gastroparesis
One study showed that apple cider vinegar decreased the rate of gastric emptying among patients with type 1 diabetes .
Slower gastric emptying would keep someone full longer and also decrease blood sugar spikes. However, in people with gastroparesis, a common problem in people with type 1 diabetes, drinking apple cider vinegar may worsen the condition.
Gastroparesis is a condition in which the stomach cannot empty itself as it should, and therefore food stays in the stomach longer than normal. A person who has diabetes and gastroparesis may be advised to avoid apple cider vinegar.
5. Possible drug interactions
Apple cider vinegar may interact with certain drugs, such as digoxin (heart medication), insulin, and diuretic drugs.
Consult with your doctor before you start taking apple cider vinegar to make sure it will not interact with any of your prescription medications.