5 Side Effects of Apple Cider Vinegar and How to Prevent Them

Side effects of apple cider vinegar

Apple cider vinegar (ACV) is a liquid made by fermenting the apple juices. ACV is known to have antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and anti-fungal properties, making it effective in the treatment of a wide variety of ailments and conditions.

Read also: 10 incredible benefits and uses of apple cider vinegar

However, like many other natural products, this vinegar may cause some side effects if taken in excessive amounts.

Fortunately, most of the apple cider vinegar side effects are mild and can be easily prevented. Here are 5 side effects of apple cider vinegar and how you can prevent them.

1. Decreased potassium levels and bone mass

Excessive consumption of apple cider vinegar may result in bone loss and decreased potassium levels which can lead to muscle weakness, cramping, or irregular heartbeat.

If you have a condition like osteoporosis or are taking potassium-lowering medications, it’s important to talk with your doctor before you use apple cider vinegar in your diet.

2. Weaken tooth enamel

Due to its high acidic content, frequent taking of apple cider vinegar may weaken the tooth enamel. To prevent it, do not drink the vinegar straightly, but dilute it with water or drink through a straw to limit contact with teeth. After finished, rinse your mouth with fresh water to remove the acid from your teeth.

3. Throat and skin burns

The acidity of vinegar has also been found to cause throat and skin burns, especially if the vinegar is undiluted.

A report in the Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology describes a case in which a teenager sustained chemical burns on her nose after applying apple cider vinegar to remove two moles [1].

One case report found that a woman suffered throat burns after an apple cider vinegar tablet became lodged in her esophagus [2].

Be sure to always dilute the vinegar with water before drinking or applying to the skin.

4. Delayed gastric emptying, especially for people with type 1 diabetes

Studies have shown that apple cider vinegar can delay gastric emptying which means that your body will feel fuller for longer [3].

This is great if you’re trying to extend feelings of fullness and consume fewer calories during the day, but this could be a problem if you have gastroparesis, a common condition in people with type 1 diabetes.

In gastroparesis, the stomach has difficulty moving foods to the small intestine. So, consuming ACV may worsen the condition. A person who has diabetes and gastroparesis may be advised to avoid apple cider vinegar.

5. Possible drug interactions

Apple cider vinegar may interact with certain drugs such as digoxin (heart medication), insulin (diabetes medication) and diuretic drugs.

Consult with your doctor before you start taking apple cider vinegar to make sure it will not interact with any of your prescription medications.

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