4 Effective Ways to Prevent HIV/AIDS
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that attack human immune system, resulting in acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), which is a later stage of the infection that happens when the immune system has been severely damaged.
HIV/AIDS is one of the world’s most serious health problems in human history. According to WHO, approximately 36.7 million people living with HIV at the end of 2016, and over 1 million people died from HIV-related causes globally.
Currently, there is no cure for HIV infection. Therefore, we need to put more emphasis on prevention efforts. By following these tips, you can greatly reduce your chances of becoming HIV-positive.
1. Avoid contact with infected blood
The most common HIV transmission is through contact with blood from people infected with HIV. Transfusions, or contact with open wounds, can cause the virus to spread from one person to another.
Transmission by blood can easily be avoided through a blood test and avoid contact with open wounds if a person is HIV-positive, and if you have to dress a wound, make sure to wear protective clothes like latex gloves.
2. Be careful with syringe and surgical equipment
Intravenous drugs, syringes and tattoo equipment can be a source of HIV infection. Here are few things to note when using needles and surgical equipment:
- Do not reuse disposable syringes.
- Clean and wash surgical equipment before using it.
- If you want to tattoo, make sure it done by a clean and sanitary tattoo shop.
- Avoid the use of illegal intravenous drugs.
3. Use condoms
Another way of HIV transmission is through unprotected sexual contacts. A condom is your first line of defense to avoid getting infected with HIV.
It is very important to use condom when you’re going to have sex. It’s not only help minimize the possibility of being infected with HIV, but it also can protect yourself from other sexually transmitted infections.
Latex condoms are the best, but you can also use polyurethane condoms. Do not reuse it and make sure that there are no broken on the barriers when using one.
4. Avoid free sex
HIV and AIDS are more prevalent for people with multiple sexual partners. If you have only one sexual partner, you can dramatically minimize the chances of contracting HIV or getting AIDS. However, it does not mean that you can stop using condoms, you still have to engage in protected sex even if you are faithful to your sexual partner.