Diabetes is considered as a silent killer if left untreated or ignored. Diabetes is one of the most dangerous metabolic disease in this modern world. This is a plagues that not only attack adults but also young children.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a condition where there is too much blood sugar (glucose) in the body. It can either due to the body’s pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin to control blood sugar or the body’s cells don’t respond to insulin properly. As a results, the blood sugar levels in the body rise. This condition may cause damages to many parts of the body and even lead to death. There are 3 types of Diabetes:
Type I Diabetes
In this type of diabetes, the pancreas release very little or completely stops producing insulin as the cells that control levels of sugar in the body. This occurs as the body attack and kill its own cells in the pancreas and the condition is known as an autoimmune reaction.
Type 1 diabetes is more common in children and youth below 40 years. The major causes of type 1 diabetes are infection, removal of the pancreas by surgery, alcohol consumption, and so forth. About 10 percent of all patients affected by diabetes have type 1 diabetes and require daily insulin treatment to sustain life.
Type 2 Diabetes
In this type of diabetes, pancreas produces insulin but the cells fail to receive insulin-stimulated and this result in insulin resistance. As a result, there was an increase in the production of insulin and this may lead to sufficient levels of insulin to control sugar levels in the body.
Type 2 diabetes typically affected adult, usually after the age of 40 years. The cause of this type of diabetes such as physical inactive, aging, and overweight. About 90 percent of all the patients affected by diabetes have type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes do not need to depend on insulin treatment, but with proper diet, exercise and oral medications, can be controlled long term.
Gestational Diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs during the second half of pregnancy when the pregnancy hormones block insulin receptor of the cells, which causes high blood glucose levels.
This is a very preliminary stage and ends after the baby is born. However, women who have gestational diabetes are more likely than other women to eventually develop type 2 diabetes later in life.
The sooner you know the cause, the sooner you can protect yourself from this deadly disease.