The goal of food poisoning treatment is to replace fluids and electrolytes (such as chloride, sodium, magnesium, and potassium) that have lost due to diarrhea and vomiting. While experiencing diarrhea and vomiting, a person could easily become dehydrated. To keep from getting dehydrated, drink as many fluids as possible. Drink 6 to 8 ounces of clear fluids hourly throughout the day. Even if you are vomiting, try to stay hydrated by taking small gulps. Fresh water, tea with sugar, and sports drinks that contain electrolytes are good choices.
If the symptoms were severe, which make you are unable to drink fluids, then you may need medical help to have your fluids replaced intravenously (through a vein) at the hospital.
In some cases of food poisoning, your health provider may prescribe drugs depend on the cause and severity of food poisoning. There are many prescription medications available for treating food poisoning, these include:
- Antibiotics for certain kinds of bacterial food poisoning
- Atropine for mushroom poisoning
- Antitoxin to neutralize toxins from C
botulinum (only given within the first 72 hours)
- Amitriptyline to control the numbness and tingling from ciguatera poisoning
- Apomorphine to induce vomiting in order to get rid of toxins in the body
- Diphenhydramine and cimetidine for fish poisoning
- Mannitol for nerve-related symptoms of ciguatera poisoning
Most types of food poisoning usually clear up on its own within a couple of day. You may need to see a doctor if your symptoms become worsen or if the illness spreads from the intestines.