Food poisoning or also known as Food borne illness is a condition resulting from the consumption of contaminated food or water. It is mild for most people but sometimes can cause severe illness and even death.
Food poisoning is often occurs due to the infections caused by bacteria from foods that have been improper prepared, storage or improper cooked.
Bacteria are everywhere. It’s in the air, soil and even in the foods. Most bacteria are harmless. However some bacteria can cause food borne illness. They are called food poisoning bacteria. Some common type of food poisoning bacteria are Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Staphylococcus aureus.
These bacteria may contain on foods from the start or to be contaminated at a later stage. Some types of foods which bacteria prefer or called high-risk foods include: meat, poultry, dairy products, eggs, seafood, cooked rice, cooked pasta, and prepared salad or fruit salad.
Bacteria grow quickly in high-risk foods when kept at temperatures between 5°C and 60°C. This called the Temperature Danger Zone.
If high-risk foods contaminated with food poisoning bacteria and left in the Temperature Danger Zone for more than 4 hours, it will cause food poisoning. It is very important not to store high risk foods in the temperature danger zone for longer than necessary.
Certain people are most at risk from food poisoning. These include children, pregnant women, elderly and people with other illnesses.