Glucose is the sugar that comes from the foods we eat and drink which are stored in the body’s cell. It is the main source of energy for the body. Glucose enters into the cell with the help of insulin.
In type 1 diabetes, people can no longer produce insulin. This means that glucose stay outside the cells, causing blood sugar levels rise. To control blood sugar levels, people with type 1 diabetes have to:
- Eat a healthy diet and stick to a diabetes meal plan
People who have type 1 diabetes have to pay a little more attention to their diet than people without diabetes. They have to balance the foods they eat with the amount of insulin they take and their activity level. Because eating some foods may cause glucose levels rise more than others. As part of diabetes treatment, your diabetes care team will create a diabetes meal plan based on your age, activity level, and food like and dislikes. Meal plans usually consist of breakfast, lunch, and dinner.
- Take insulin every day
People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin as a part of their treatment. Because their bodies can not produce insulin anymore, therefore they have to take insulin everyday to keep their blood sugar levels within a healthy range.
There are several way to get insulin into the body such as by injections with needle or taking insulin pills. Your diabetes care team will teach you how and when to give yourself insulin shots.
- Regular exercise
Exercise is an important part of diabetes treatment. Regular exercise helps keep blood sugar levels within a healthy range. This can reduce the risk of developing other serious health problems that people will get with diabetes, like heart disease.
Most types of exercise are great for people with type 1 diabetes including walking, running, riding, swimming, etc. Try to exercise every day for optimal result.
In type 2 diabetes, body’s cells don’t respond normally to insulin anymore and this result an insulin resistance. Hence, glucose stays in the bloodstream and doesn’t get into the cells. This causes blood sugar levels goes high. To keep the blood sugar levels within healthy range, people with type 2 diabetes have to:
- Eat a healthy balanced diet and stick to a diabetes meal plan
Eating healthy diet is a part of treatment for people with type 2 diabetes. They have to control the amount of carb (carbohydrate) and calories in foods they eat.
Eating certain foods will cause blood sugar levels rise more than others, which may make it more difficult to control blood sugar levels for people with type 2 diabetes except insulin and other diabetes medications taken at the proper dosage.
A healthy balanced diet does not mean giving up your favorite foods or a diet. But you probably will have to limit junk food and eat smaller portions of food if you are overweight.
your diabetes care team will create a list of diabetes meal plan. It usually consist of guidelines to prepare breakfast, lunch, and dinner. What you have to do is to follow the diabetes meal plan.
- Exercise regularly
Exercise is good for everyone, especially for people with type 2 diabetes because exercise can improve your body’s response to insulin so keep your blood sugar level within healthy range. Exercise can also reduce the risk of other health problems, like heart disease and cancer.
Most types of exercise are great for people with type 2 diabetes including walking, running, riding a bike, playing sports, etc. Make it your goal to exercise every day to get the maximum benefits.
- Take medicines as prescribed
Most types of medications are available for people with type 2 diabetes. They work in different ways to help the body creates or respond to insulin better.
Your diabetes care team will teach you how and when to take the medicine as prescribed.