Symptoms of both types of diabetes – type 1 and type 2 diabetes – are more likely to be similar as the both types are occur due to high blood sugar levels.
In type 1 diabetes, it is caused by the body’s pancreas does not produce insulin to control sugar levels in the body. While type 2 diabetes is either the body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or the cells in the body doesn’t react to insulin properly, called insulin resistance.
What are the Symptoms of Diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes symptoms can slightly differ from symptoms of type 2 diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the symptoms are usually obvious and develop very quickly, often over a few weeks. In type 2 diabetes, symptoms will often develop gradually and may not always show symptoms at an earlier stage. That’s why it’s important to talk to your doctor about your risk for diabetes and determined if you should be tested. Early diagnosis and treatment for diabetes can reduce the likelihood of developing complications later on.
The common symptoms of diabetes include:
- Frequent urination
This occurs due to too much glucose stays in the body and your body tries to get rid of the excess glucose through your urine, causing you to urinate more often than usual.
- Excessive thirst
Since your body draw additional water out of your body, you will become dehydrated and feel the urge to drink more water to replace the fluids you have lost
Insulin is needed to transport glucose from blood into our cells to be used for energy. When there is not enough insulin, or the insulin isn’t working properly, the sugar in our blood can’t get into our cells and therefore our cells do not receive the energy they need. As a result, we feel tired.
- Sudden weight loss
This because your body isn’t able to get adequate energy from the food you eat. It start knock down muscle tissue and fat for energy.
- Itching around the penis or vagina
Diabetes can cause a higher glucose content in the urine which can therefore provide ideal conditions for yeast to grow and also diminishes the body’s ability to fight infection.
- Blurred vision
High blood sugar levels can affect your ability to see by causing the lens inside the eye to swell, which can result in temporary blurring of eyesight.
- Slow wound healing
High levels of blood glucose can cause nerve damage and affect blood flow, making it hard for blood to reach areas of the body affected by sores or wounds. This causes wound healing process become slowly.
- Numbness of the hands and feet
High blood sugar impairs blood flow to heart and because hands and feet are far from the heart, any problems with blood flow can leave hands and feet without enough circulation, resulting in feeling numbness or tingling.