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Cancer Symptoms and Diagnosis

cancer symptomsCancer is one of the most common disease that cause of death worldwide. Cancer can be cured, but the cure rate depends on how healthy the person’s body is, and how soon it was diagnosed.

The cancer diagnosis can be done by biopsy examination, so the treatment steps can be performed quickly and accurately. The next step is a therapeutic treatment with the conventional way. But, this kind of cancer treatment often can not be totally solved. So, cancer screening and risk assessment is very important for cancer prevention and early detection.

Cancer Symptoms

It is important to note that some types of cancer have no any symptoms until they are in an advanced stage.

Common cancer symptoms that arise depends on the types or organs affected are:

  • Bleeding or unusual discharge, such as coughing up blood, persistent nosebleeds, blood in the urine.
  • Pain caused by an expanding tumor suppress surrounding nerves and blood vessels. The pain also can be caused by fear or anxiety.
  • Losing weight rapidly due to lack of fat and protein
  • Digestive disorders, such as difficulty swallowing
  • The changing of defecate habits
  • Changes in moles or skin striking
  • Wounds that do not heal
  • A lump in the breast

Specific cancer symptoms based on the type of cancer:

  • Brain Cancer
    The symptoms of brain cancer include painful headaches in the morning and decreased at mid day, epilepsy, weakness, numbness in arms and legs, difficulty walking, drowsiness, abnormal changes in vision, changes in personality, changes in memory, hard to talk.
  • Breast Cancer
    The symptoms of breast cancer include thickening of the skin, changes in the size of breast shape, itching, redness, pain that is not associated with breast-feeding.
  • Bladder Cancer or Kidney Cancer
    There was blood in the urine, pain on urination, difficulty urinating, pain in the bladder.
  • Cervical Cancer
    Bleeding in coming month period, unusual extravasation of menstrual and extraordinary pain.
  • Colon Cancer
    The symptoms of colon cancer include bleeding in the rectum, there is blood in the stool, changes in defecation (persistent diarrhea or difficulty in defecation).
  • Digestive system cancer
    The presence of blood in the dirt that is marked with bright red or black, feel discomfort continuously on the stomach, lump in the abdomen, pain after eating, weight loss.
  • Lung Cancer
    The symptoms of lung cancer include persistent cough, bloody sputum, pain in the chest.
  • Oral cancer
    There is a thrush in the mouth, tongue and gums that do not heal.
  • Ovarian Cancer
    The symptoms of ovarian cancer usually appear at the advanced stage, including back pain, fatigue, changes in bowel movements, sudden weight gain or weight loss.
  • Prostate cancer
    The symptoms of prostate cancer include peeing that is not smooth, continuous pain in the back waist, penis and upper thigh.
  • Scrotal Cancer/ Testicular Cancer
    A lump on the scrotum, increase of the scrotal size and thickened suddenly, pain in lower abdomen, chest swell or become soft.
  • Skin Cancer
    The symptoms of skin cancer include bumps on the skin which resemble warts, uncured infection, freckles change color and size, pain in certain areas, changes in skin color of the spots.
  • Throat Cancer
    Persistent cough, hoarseness or husky.
  • Leukemia
    The symptoms of leukemia include chronic fatigue, fever, weight loss, frequent infections, bleeding easily, pain in bones, nosebleeds.
  • Lymphoma
    Lymph nodes enlarged, itching, sweating at night, fever or weight loss without apparent reason.


A frequent complication in cancer patients is an infection. Infection occurs due to lack of protein and other nutrients as well as immune system suppression that often occurs after perform an conventional treatment.